Purebun.com – Food or beverage products containing probiotics are increasingly popular in Indonesian society. However, what exactly are probiotics and what are the benefits of probiotics that can be obtained by the body?
In contrast to bacteria that are often referred to as the cause of disease, probiotics are bacteria or fungi that can support the digestive system, immune system, and overall body health. The human body is filled with various types of bacteria, both good and bad bacteria. Probiotics are often referred to as good bacteria because they help nourish the human gut.
Probiotics as Good Bacteria
Probiotics can benefit the body by triggering the growth of new good bacteria, which are lost due to antibiotic treatment. Probiotics also help suppress bad bacteria in the digestive tract that can cause disturbances, and balance the number of good and bad bacteria.
There are several conditions that can be helped cure by using probiotics, for example:
- Help relieve diarrhea caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites, or caused by other things such as a reaction to antibiotics. Probiotics are one type of food for diarrhea babies or adults that can be consumed.
- Relieve irritable bowel syndrome (irritable bowel syndrome).
- Relieves symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (inflammatory bowel disease).
- Prevent allergies and colds, and treat dry coughs.
- Maintain the health of the urinary tract and vagina.
- Helps relieve skin disorders, such as eczema.
- Maintain oral health.
- Lowers the risk of respiratory infections.
Types of Probiotics
Probiotics consist of several types of bacteria with different benefits in the digestive system, including:
- Lactobacillus is the most widely used type of probiotic. There are more than 50 types of Lactobacilli bacteria, which are naturally found in the digestive tract, urinary tract, and genital system. These probiotics are commonly found in yogurt or other fermented foods. This probiotic can also help relieve diarrhea and may help people who are lactose intolerant.
Bifidobacteria have about 30 different types. These bacteria are most commonly found in the large intestine.
- Intake of this type of probiotic is believed to be useful in alleviating the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
- Streptococcus thermophilus
Streptococcus thermophilus can produce the enzyme lactase, which can prevent lactose intolerance. Then there is another type known as the Leuconostoc probiotic. This probiotic is widely used in food processing.
Saccharomyces is a probiotic from a fungus that is often used to prevent and treat diarrhea. Consuming this type of probiotic, in the form of food or drink, can help relieve acne and reduce the side effects of treating stomach ulcers caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.
Safe Consumption of Probiotics
In general, probiotics contained in food and supplements are safe for consumption. Examples of foods that contain probiotics include yogurt, kefir (a fermented milk product that contains good bacteria and fungi), kimchi, tempeh, and natto.
The side effects that have been complained of are relatively mild, such as abdominal pain, flatulence, to diarrhea for a few days after the first consumption. Probiotics also have the possibility of triggering allergies for some people. If allergies occur, stop consumption and consult a doctor.
Some studies do show the various benefits of probiotics, but be careful if you want to take probiotic supplements, especially in children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with impaired immune systems.
To stay safe, make sure you always pay close attention to the labels on the packaging of products or supplements that contain probiotics. If necessary, consult a doctor or nutritionist before consuming it.