Purebun.com – Guidelines for balanced nutrition are one of the government’s efforts to meet the nutritional needs of the Indonesian people. Not only providing food guidelines, through these guidelines the government also urges the public to implement clean and healthy living behaviors.
Previously, the government introduced the slogan 4 Healthy 5 Perfect as a guide to meet the nutritional needs of the community. However, over time, the slogan is considered no longer in accordance with the development and fulfillment of nutrition in today’s society.
Therefore, the government replaced the slogan with Guidelines for Balanced Nutrition. This guide is considered better because it not only teaches people about diet, but also about a healthy lifestyle as a whole.
4 Pillars Principles of Balanced Nutrition Guidelines
In the Guidelines for Balanced Nutrition, there are 4 pillars of principles that must be followed so that nutritional needs are met. The following are the principles of the Balanced Nutrition Guidelines:
1. Eat a variety of foods
There is no single food that contains all the types of nutrients needed by the body. For example, fish contains a lot of protein but little fiber, while fruits and vegetables are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals but have little protein and fat.
Therefore, in the Guidelines for a Balanced Nutrition, it is recommended to eat a variety of foods that contain macronutrients (carbohydrates, fiber, protein, and good fats) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) to meet balanced nutritional needs.
In addition, also pay attention to the amount of food consumed and a regular eating schedule. Especially for newborns up to 6 months, it is recommended to only be given breast milk (ASI).
2. Get used to clean living behavior
Getting used to living clean can prevent yourself from infection with germs that cause disease. This is important because the more frequent the disease comes, the more difficult it is to meet nutritional needs.
Some examples of clean living behavior in, namely:
- Use footwear when leaving the house
- Cover food to prevent flies
- Wash your hands with clean water and soap every time you eat or after defecating or urinating
3. Doing physical activity
Diligent movement and exercise can help control weight. In addition, regular exercise can also reduce stress, make you sleep soundly, build muscle, and maintain healthy brain and memory.
Physical activity is categorized as sufficient if you do physical exercise for 30 minutes every day. Some physical exercises you can do are jogging, swimming, or cycling.
4. Monitor and maintain ideal body weight
Monitor and maintain weight so that your body mass index (BMI) is within normal limits. BMI is a measurement of body fat based on height and weight.
A high BMI value indicates overweight or obesity, while a BMI value below normal means a lack of calorie and protein intake. Both of these conditions are not good for the body and can cause various diseases.
10 General Messages of Balanced Nutrition
The Guidelines for Balanced Nutrition also contain 10 general messages of balanced nutrition that can be applied in daily life, namely:
- Be grateful and enjoy a variety of foods
- Eat lots of vegetables and fruits
- Get used to eating side dishes that contain high protein
- Get used to eating a variety of staple foods
- Limit consumption of sweet, salty and fatty foods
- Doing adequate physical activity and maintaining an ideal body weight
- Washing hands with soap and running water
- Get used to breakfast
- Get used to drinking enough and safe water
- Get used to reading labels on food packaging
Consuming complete nutrition is important for body health. However, implementing a clean, active, and controlled lifestyle is no less important in maintaining overall health. That is why this Balanced Nutrition Guide needs to be applied in everyday life.
Come on, start practicing the Balanced Nutrition Guidelines for a healthier life. However, if you are still having difficulties or feel confused to apply it in your daily life, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor, OK?