Altruism, High Concern for Others – Altruism is an attitude or instinct to pay attention to and prioritize the interests and goodness of others. Altruism is the opposite of selfishness, which is more selfish.

A person who practices altruism is called an altruist. All the good that an altruist does usually appears sincerely without any sense of self-worth. Although this attitude is very commendable and has a positive impact on society, the attitude possessed by people with the INFP personality can also have a negative impact on the perpetrator if done excessively.

The Various Theories Behind Altruism

Altruism, High Concern for Others

The following are some theories as to why someone engages in altruism:

1. The theory of evolution

Long ago when natural selection was still very strong, each species would do everything in its power to survive and maintain its lineage.

For that, one way they do it is by helping each other’s family members. Along with evolution, this defense mechanism remains in humans in the form of altruism.

2. Environmental theory

A study shows that interactions and good relationships in an environment have a major influence in encouraging acts of altruism in people in that environment.

For example, children whose parents exemplify altruism in their home environment are likely to be altruists in their lives, both inside and outside the home.

3. Social norm theory

Adopting an attitude of altruism can add value to a person in society. People will certainly be more interested in working with people who like to help.

On the other hand, altruism will also open debt savings. So, when an altruist needs help, other people will not hesitate to help right away.

4. Reward theory

Altruism produces no rewards or rewards. However, in the subconscious, there are rewards in the form of feeling happy and satisfied with oneself that arise after doing good. Feelings like this make a person willing to act altruism.

In addition to those mentioned above, there are still several theories behind why someone would want to do altruism. One theory says altruism can release negative feelings and stress in a person, because he can feel grateful when he sees someone who is more difficult than him.

Altruism is also associated with empathy. A person will be more motivated to do altruism if the ability to empathize is strong. Empathy in young children develops rapidly at the age of 2 years and over. This is why children under 2 years old are often possessive and don’t want to share.

Is Altruism Important?

Basically, any good that is done selflessly for others is a form of commendable action. From some of the explanations above, it is also known that this action will bring benefits to the perpetrator, be it socially or psychologically.

In addition, altruism is also associated with better mental and physical health, as well as a higher life expectancy.

Even so, keep in mind that the instinct to help others also needs to be balanced with the instinct to survive. When altruism is run without brakes, this attitude may even have a bad impact on you or those closest to you.

For example, you can’t swim, but force yourself to want to help someone who’s drowning. The attitude of altruism here includes excessive and unwise. Victims who want to be saved are helpless and you too are victims.

If you feel like you’ve ever or often ended up losing money for helping others, maybe you need to change your mindset. Remember that yourself is also important and should take precedence over others.

However, if this habit is difficult to break or other people even remind you that you also need to take care of yourself, you should consult this problem with a psychologist. That way, it is hoped that the act of altruism that you do will still bear positive results, without harming yourself.

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